Anonymous said: Can you explain the difference between psychopathy and sociopathy?
They’re very similar but they are two different disorders. A sociopath suffers from an anti social personality disorder while a psychopath suffers from psychopathy. In terms of their behaviour they show different levels of ‘organisation’ and ‘impulsiveness’, they both have different causes too, sociopathy is a disorder based on environment, while psychopathy is a disorder based on biology. The terms are sometimes used interchangeably to refer to the same thing, it just really depends on who you are talking to or asking.
Although in the most recent DSM they are both under an umbrella term of antisocial personality disorder, which is so stupid! ASPD isn’t synonymous with psychopathy as the diagnostic criteria isn’t the same. ASPD is based on behavioural patterns while psychopathy is also characterised by subjective judgments of personality traits.
Also, the DSM-V working party has recommended a subtype “Antisocial/Psychopathic Type” which would make more sense! They change it so much, so I won’t be surprised if they add them back one day.
This contradicts pretty much everything I’ve ever heard or read about sociopathy, psychopathy, and ASPD. Would you care to cite your sources?
The Mask of Insanity, by Harvey Cleckley. Without Conscience: The Disturbing World of Psychopaths Among Us, by Dr Robert Hare. My Psychology of Criminal Profiling course, and the DSM.